Noting that the trend of horizontal proliferation would inevitably continue, the united states and soviet union collaborated to prevent such an outcome. July 7, 1953 a divided korea after years of escalating american troop presence, an. It was written in 1968, entered into force in 1970, and 190 countries have signed it since then. Online shopping from a great selection at books store. It was ratified by the us congress the following year and passed into law in march 1970. Nuclear proliferation today atomic heritage foundation. The nuclear non proliferation treaty or nnpt is a treaty that was made to stop nuclear weapons from being built. Khan, the man former cia director george tenet described as at least as dangerous as osama bin laden. North korea threatened to withdraw in the 1990s and did so in 2003. Marking the 50th anniversary of the nuclear nonproliferation. Part of the springer proceedings in physics book series spphy. The treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons also known as the nonproliferation treaty, or the npt is opened for signature in london, moscow and washington, d.
Rusi is marking the 50th anniversary of the nuclear non proliferation treaty npt by hosting a compilation of historic documents recording the negotiations during the 1960s. But age seems to be wearying it and decoding sober readings from hypefilled tat has been a testing task. Nuclear non proliferation treaty the treaty of the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons is. The us president, barack obama, has outlined his vision for a nuclearfree world, based partly on a strengthening of the nuclear nonproliferation treaty npt the npt, signed in 1968, is.
With its 188 parties, it is the most universal arms control treaty in world history. The treaty on the non proliferation of nuclear weapons, otherwise commonly known as the non proliferation treaty or npt, is an international treaty with an objective to limit the escalation of a nuclear arms race and the technology related to it. Read interpreting the nuclear non proliferation treaty by daniel h. The signing of the limited nuclear test ban treaty on august 5, 1963, took place one day before the 18th anniversary of the dropping of an. The law of arms control and the international nonproliferation. Treaty of the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons and the. The treaty prohibits all nuclear testing, establishes a worldwide network of monitoring stations, and allows for inspections of suspicious sites. Apr 05, 2009 the us president, barack obama, has outlined his vision for a nuclear free world, based partly on a strengthening of the nuclear non proliferation treaty npt the npt, signed in 1968, is. But the treaty has had its detractors and not just among rogue states but governments in good international standing as a new posting of declassified documents. By the end of the century the treaty had been ratified by all nations save cuba, israel, pakistan, and india. Extension of the treaty on non proliferation of nuclear weapons, may 1, 1995, nptconf. Jul 03, 2014 the most crucial treaty dealing with the issue of nuclear weapons proliferation, the nuclear non proliferation treaty npt, came into force on march 5, 1970. Unfortunately, this threevolume study has long been out of print, and it is unavailable even at many major research.
Interpreting the nuclear nonproliferation treaty ebook by. An annotated foreign affairs syllabus on nuclear proliferation. Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons if you would like to learn more about the iaeas work, sign up for our weekly updates containing our most important news, multimedia and more. Treaty on the non proliferation of nuclear weapons, also called nuclear non proliferation treaty, agreement of july 1, 1968, signed by the united kingdom, the united states, the soviet union, and 59 other states, under which the three major signatories, which possessed nuclear weapons, agreed not to assist other states in obtaining or producing them. List of books and articles about nuclear proliferation. Origin and implementation, 1959 1979 is widely regarded to be the definitive work about the negotiation and first decade of the treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons npt. Nuclear proliferation project gutenberg selfpublishing. Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and weaponsapplicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as nuclear weapon states by the treaty on the non proliferation of nuclear weapons, commonly known as the non proliferation treaty or npt. Status of nuclear non proliferation treaty, interim report global security institute, june 2003. Unfortunately, this threevolume study has long been out of print, and it is unavailable even at many major research libraries.
Primary documents include an excerpt from the 1945 u. The term is also used to refer to the possible acquisition of nuclear weapons by terrorist organizations or other armed groups. List of books and articles about nuclear nonproliferation. The treaty of the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons bartleby. The efforts began to be made within the framework of. Go search todays deals best sellers customer service find a gift new releases. The nuclear non proliferation treaty npt, 1968 the nuclear non proliferation treaty was an agreement signed in 1968 by several of the major nuclear and non nuclear powers that pledged their cooperation in stemming the spread of nuclear technology. Nuclear nonproliferation and the nonproliferation treaty. It is a major example of an attempt to govern the development and use of technology, in this case, one of the most powerful technologies.
The following is a brief outline of the history of the development of nuclear weapons by north korean regime. Challenges to the nonproliferation treaty by olav njolstad routledge, 2011. After world war ii, the proliferation of nuclear weapons became an increasing cause of concern throughout the world. The treaty on the non proliferation of nuclear weapons was signed by the united states and the soviet union on july 1st 1968, early in the period of detente. Nuclear non proliferation began to attract international attention, soon after the united states us used atomic weapons in nagasaki and hiroshima.
Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons npt the npt is a landmark international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament. Mar 11, 2020 in an era where agreements have been abandoned as bad, to use that favourite word of us president donald trump, the treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons continues to feature on the books of diplomacy. See bipartisan security group, status of nuclear nonproliferation treaty, pp. Tracking the nuclear nonproliferation treaty national. This book examines the current debate on nuclear nonproliferation and. The book focuses on the nuclear nonproliferation treaty, international trade controls and the international atomic energy agency. Nuclear nonproliferation treaty simple english wikipedia. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read nuclear disarmament and non proliferation. The principal aim of the npt is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and, with 189 parties, it has become the most universal treaty in the history of arms control and non proliferation. The signing of the limited nuclear test ban treaty on august 5, 1963, took place one day before the 18th anniversary of the dropping of an atomic bomb on hiroshima, japan, during. This book will be of much interest to students of nuclear proliferation, cold war. It did not however, cover vertical expansion of ntechnology and n weapons. The nuclear nonproliferation treaty and the german nuclear. The international institute for strategic studies iiss has provided a great service with this analysis of the nuclear network masterminded by a.
Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons npt. Iran is a signatory of the nuclear nonproliferation treaty and claims that any work done in regards to nuclear technology is related only to civilian uses, which is acceptable under the treaty. Nuclear proliferation, the spread of nuclear weapons, nuclear weapons technology, or fissile material to countries that do not already possess them. The 1968 nuclear non proliferation treaty has proven the most complicated and controversial of all arms control treaties. The nuclear non proliferation treaty npt is the only legally binding multilateral agreement that commits signatory states to an active pursuit of disarmament. Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons iaea. The treaty on the non proliferation of nuclear weapons npt is a cornerstone of global arms control and non proliferation efforts. As a part of the drive towards the securing of a non proliferation regime for the non nuclear states, the non proliferation treaty was signed in june 1968. List of books and articles about nuclear nonproliferation online. Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons wikipedia.
The nuclear nonproliferation treaty and india 9780415851282. World heritage encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias. The treaty on the non proliferation of nuclear weapons, commonly known as the non proliferation treaty or npt, is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament. Uncertainty haunts the future of nonproliferation treaty and. Tactical nuclear weapons can have the explosive power of a fraction of a kiloton one kiloton equals 1,000 tons of tnt, while strategic nuclear weapons can produce thousands of kilotons of explosive force. The nuclear nonproliferation treaty npt is generally regarded as the key. History of nuclear non proliferation imrana gull history of nuclear non proliferation is about fifty years old. Iran violated its safeguards obligations under the treaty 97 by performing uraniumenrichment in secret, after which the united nations security council ordered iran to suspend all uraniumenrichment until july 2015. Origins of the nuclear order css studies in security and international relations. Proliferation and nuclear policy, proliferation and nuclear policy, history. For this paper, you are required to select a us federal government strategy document but not one from the week 3 reading and compare and contrast it to a strategy document from another governmental entity. Extension of the treaty on nonproliferation of nuclear weapons, may 1, 1995, nptconf. Reviewing the nuclear nonproliferation treaty army war college. The future of the nonproliferation treaty springerlink.674 221 1306 333 812 944 784 1257 216 918 424 433 1270 398 1251 425 329 347 1287 668 25 1287 119 1451 666 795 1229 50 144 695 446 1072 1265 649 932 365 547 955 40 80 727 683 1469 49 228 1448 1092